Beware Of Cancer
3 February 2020
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Zimbabwe Online Health Centre

World Cancer Day is celebrated on the 4th of February everywhere in the world.

It is an international day marked to raise awareness and to encourage its prevention, detection and treatment. Cancer can affect anyone of any age, race, gender or ethnicity as well as any part of the body from head to toe.

Some cancers have known causes or risk factors while others are not known to what causes them.

Infections, genetic make up and day to day lifestyle are some risk factors and causes of cancer.

These cancers are divided into 2 main groups -benign (those that do not spread and one can be cured) and malignant (those that spread from their site of origin and difficult to treat.

Most cancers are not painful in the early stages and many people tend to ignore anything that does not cause pain until they seek for medical help later on and it’s too late for them to get any treatment. If there is a a family history of any cancers and any suspicious lumps or masses one should seek for medical attention to avoid spreading of the cancer.

Risk factors that causes cancer one can stop to avoid developing cancer include stopping smoking and alcohol intake, health eating, exercise and health seeking behaviour.

Treatment of cancer depends on the type of cancer, site and stage of the cancer.

Some can be completely cured after treatment while others can not be cured.

In the developed world the most common cause of cancer is sedentary life style while in developing countries infections such as HIV, HPV are on the rise of causing cancers.

These infections are usually spread through unprotected sexual intercourse therefore safe sexual practices can also help reduce one’s chances of getting cancer.

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